analogy: a comparison of similarities between things which are otherwise unlike.
Example: Act 2 -scene 2 (lines 42-43). What’s in a name? That which we call a rose. By another word would smell as sweet. What Juliet really means is even though Romeo is a Montague but he is still perfect to her.
imagery: the words paint the picture of the story. Mental images turn into real things.
Example: Act 2- scene 3 (Lines 1-10). “The gray-eyed….flowers” Friar Laurence carries a basket and he talks about poison.
irony: sarcasm, the uses of words to convey the actual meaning.
I. dramatic irony: irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters.
Example: The balcony scene, when Romeo watches Juliet and makes a comparison to the sun about her beauty. We as readers know his presence but Juliet doesn’t know that Romeo is watching her. Then she talks to herself about “O Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo” which she doesn’t aware that he is just under the balcony.
II. situational irony: something happens that is contrary to expectation.
Example: Romeo hides away from Mercutio and Benvolio. They are talking about Romeo’s “true love” and they have a joke about calling out Rosaline name but they don’t even know about Romeo has fallen in love with Juliet. Yes, Romeo is searching for his true love not Rosaline but Juliet.
III. verbal irony: saying the thing that is opposite with what you mean but in the way that everyone knows what you really mean
Example: It is when Juliet says that “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose. By another word would smell as sweet.”
monologue: a speech that you make to yourself.
Example: In the balcony scene, when Juliet speaks to herself about why Romeo has to be Romeo. She wishes that Romeo could be someone else but not a Montague, reject his father and refuse his name.
oxymoron: when you conjoining contradictory terms.
Example: When Juliet struggles between her love for Romeo and dislike him for killing Tybalt. “Parting is such sweet sorrow”
personification: thing that represents the abstract thing.
Example: When Romeo compares Juliet to the sun, the line that follows is “Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon” ( Balcony scene, line 2)
soliloquy: speech you make to yourself.
Example: Act 2, scene 1 when Romeo reveals his thoughts about Juliet and he is amazed by her beauty while secretly watching her.